Search anything and hit enter
  • Teams
  • Members
  • Projects
  • Events
  • Calls
  • Jobs
  • publications
  • Software
  • Tools
  • Network
  • Equipment

A little guide for advanced search:

  • Tip 1. You can use quotes "" to search for an exact expression.
    Example: "cell division"
  • Tip 2. You can use + symbol to restrict results containing all words.
    Example: +cell +stem
  • Tip 3. You can use + and - symbols to force inclusion or exclusion of specific words.
    Example: +cell -stem
e.g. searching for members in projects tagged cancer
Search for
Count
IN
OUT
Content 1
  • member
  • team
  • department
  • center
  • program_project
  • nrc
  • whocc
  • project
  • software
  • tool
  • patent
  • Administrative Staff
  • Assistant Professor
  • Associate Professor
  • Clinical Research Assistant
  • Full Professor
  • Graduate Student
  • Lab assistant
  • Non-permanent Researcher
  • Permanent Researcher
  • Pharmacist
  • PhD Student
  • Physician
  • Post-doc
  • Project Manager
  • Research Associate
  • Research Engineer
  • Retired scientist
  • Technician
  • Undergraduate Student
  • Veterinary
  • Visiting Scientist
  • Deputy Director of Center
  • Deputy Director of Department
  • Deputy Director of National Reference Center
  • Deputy Head of Facility
  • Director of Center
  • Director of Department
  • Director of Institute
  • Director of National Reference Center
  • Group Leader
  • Head of Facility
  • Head of Operations
  • Head of Structure
  • Honorary President of the Departement
  • Labex Coordinator
Content 2
  • member
  • team
  • department
  • center
  • program_project
  • nrc
  • whocc
  • project
  • software
  • tool
  • patent
  • Administrative Staff
  • Assistant Professor
  • Associate Professor
  • Clinical Research Assistant
  • Full Professor
  • Graduate Student
  • Lab assistant
  • Non-permanent Researcher
  • Permanent Researcher
  • Pharmacist
  • PhD Student
  • Physician
  • Post-doc
  • Project Manager
  • Research Associate
  • Research Engineer
  • Retired scientist
  • Technician
  • Undergraduate Student
  • Veterinary
  • Visiting Scientist
  • Deputy Director of Center
  • Deputy Director of Department
  • Deputy Director of National Reference Center
  • Deputy Head of Facility
  • Director of Center
  • Director of Department
  • Director of Institute
  • Director of National Reference Center
  • Group Leader
  • Head of Facility
  • Head of Operations
  • Head of Structure
  • Honorary President of the Departement
  • Labex Coordinator
Search
Go back
Scroll to top
Share
© A. Alanio, E. Perret
Prolifération de Cryptococcus neoformans dans des macrophages murins.
Publication : Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases

Real-time PCR assay-based strategy for differentiation between active Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia and colonization in immunocompromised patients

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - 12 Apr 2011

Alanio A, Desoubeaux G, Sarfati C, Hamane S, Bergeron A, Azoulay E, Molina JM, Derouin F, Menotti J

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 20946413

Clin. Microbiol. Infect. 2011 Oct;17(10):1531-7

Diagnosis of pneumocystosis usually relies on microscopic demonstration of Pneumocystis jirovecii in respiratory samples. Conventional PCR can detect low levels of P. jirovecii DNA but cannot differentiate active pneumonia from colonization. In this study, we used a new real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay to identify and discriminate these entities. One hundred and sixty-three bronchoalveolar lavage fluids and 115 induced sputa were prospectively obtained from 238 consecutive immunocompromised patients presenting signs of pneumonia. Each patient was classified as having a high or a low probability of P. jirovecii pneumonia according to clinical and radiological presentation. Samples were processed by microscopy and by a qPCR assay amplifying the P. jirovecii mitochondrial large-subunit rRNA gene; qPCR results were expressed as trophic form equivalents (TFEq)/mL by reference to a standard curve obtained from numbered suspensions of trophic forms. From 21 samples obtained from 16 patients with a high probability of P. jirovecii pneumonia, 21 were positive by qPCR whereas only 16 were positive by microscopy. Fungal load ranged from 134 to 1.73 × 10(6)  TFEq/mL. Among 257 specimens sampled from 222 patients with a low probability of P. jirovecii pneumonia, 222 were negative by both techniques but 35 were positive by qPCR (0.1-1840 TFEq/mL), suggesting P. jirovecii colonization. Two cut-off values of 120 and 1900 TFEq/mL were proposed to discriminate active pneumonia from colonization, with a grey zone between them. In conclusion, this qPCR assay discriminates active pneumonia from colonization. This is particularly relevant for patient management, especially in non-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected immunocompromised patients, who often present low-burden P. jirovecii infections that are not diagnosed microscopically.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20946413