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© Pierre Lafaye
Astrocytes marqués par des anticorps VHH anti-GFAP. Des anticorps d'alpagas dirigés contre une protéine spécifique des astrocytes, la GFAP (Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein), ont été obtenus à partir de camélidés immunisés. La partie VHH (partie de l'anticorps qui reconnaît l'antigène) a été exprimée sous forme recombinante chez Escherichia coli.
Publication : The Journal of biological chemistry

On the antigenic determinants of the lipopolysaccharides of Vibrio cholerae O:1, serotypes Ogawa and Inaba

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in The Journal of biological chemistry - 30 Jan 1998

Wang J, Villeneuve S, Zhang J, Lei P, Miller CE, Lafaye P, Nato F, Szu SC, Karpas A, Bystricky S, Robbins JB, Kovác P, Fournier JM, Glaudemans CP

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 9446585

J. Biol. Chem. 1998 Jan;273(5):2777-83

Monoclonal, murine IgG1s S-20-4, A-20-6, and IgA 2D6, directed against Vibrio cholerae O:1 Ogawa-lipopolysaccharide exhibited the same fine specificities and similar affinities for the synthetic methyl alpha-glycosides of the (oligo)saccharide fragments mimicking the Ogawa O-polysaccharide (O-PS). They did not react with the corresponding synthetic fragments of Inaba O-PS. IgG1s S-20-4 and A-20-6 have absolute affinity constants for synthetic Ogawa mono- to hexasaccharides of from approximately 10(5) to approximately 10(6) M-1. For IgG1s S-20-4, A-20-6, and IgA 2D6, the nonreducing terminal residue of Ogawa O-PS is the dominant determinant, accounting for approximately 90% of the maximal binding energy shown by these antibodies. Binding studies of derivatives of the Ogawa monosaccharide and IgGs S-20-4 and A-20-6 revealed that the C-2 O-methyl group fits into a somewhat flexible antibody cavity and that hydrogen bonds involving the oxygen and, respectively, the OH at the 2- and 3-position of the sugar moiety as well as the 2′-position in the amide side chain are required. Monoclonal IgA ZAC-3 and IgG3 I-24-2 are specific for V. cholerae O:1 serotypes Ogawa/Inaba-LPS.1 The former did not show binding with members of either series of the synthetic ligands related to the O-antigens of the Ogawa or Inaba serotypes, in agreement with its reported specificity for the lipid/core region (1). Inhibition studies revealed that the binding of purified IgG3 I-24-2 to Ogawa-LPS might be mediated by a region in the junction of the OPS to the lipid-core region of the LPS. cDNA cloning and analysis of the anti-Ogawa antibodies S-20-4, A-20-6, and 2D6 revealed a very high degree of homology among the heavy chains. Among the light chains, no such homology between S-20-4 and A-20-6 on the one hand, and 2D6 on the other hand, exists. For the anti-Inaba/Ogawa antibodies I-24-2 and ZAC-3, their heavy chains are completely different, with some homology among the light chains.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9446585