Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 12087936
Gynecol Obstet Fertil 2002 May;30(5):405-12
It is estimated that about 10% of men suffer from male infertility. Male infertility is associated with a reduction in the quantity, reduced mobility or abnormal morphology of sperm. In about 50-60% of cases the etiology can be identified. When the cause is unknown, it is referred to as idiopathic infertility. A genetic cause is suspected in some of the latter cases since chromosome anomalies and familial forms of male infertility have been reported. Three different regions of the Y chromosome, termed AZFa, AZFb and AZFc are recurrently deleted in about 15% of cases of idiopathic azoospermia or severe oilgozoospermia. AZFc deletions form the majority of these deletions. The presence of a Y microdeletion does not seem to alter the fertilisation of the oocyte or the development of the embryo. However, if the child is a boy, he will inherit the deletion from his father and will most likely be infertile when he is an adult. In the absence of any other information concerning an association between Y chromosome microdeletions and other development anomalies of the child, in genetic counselling the principal risk for male offspring appears to be infertility.