Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 32586759
Link to DOI – S0264-410X(20)30823-910.1016/j.vaccine.2020.06.037
2020 Jul; 38(33): 5091-5094
This study sought to determine the proportion of individuals with non-HIV secondary immunodeficiencies presenting inadequate antibody titers after rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) and to identify variables associated with inadequate response.A retrospective review of the records of immunocompromised patients having received a full course of PEP after a rabies exposure and having been tested for post-PPE antibody titers in two French Antirabies Clinics, between 2013 and 2018, was conducted. Antibody titers < 0.5 EU/ml (ELISA) were classified as inadequate.A total of 28 individuals were included, 6 had inadequate post-PPE titers. None of the tested variable was independently associated with inadequate titers.Inadequate response was unpredictable and not explained either by the characteristics of patients or by the PEP regimen they received. These findings support the WHO recommendation to systematically assess post-PEP response in immunocompromised patients to detect non-responders, who might require an additional dose.