Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 1916273
Gene 1991 Jul;104(1):19-24
The Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase(Cya) toxin-encoding locus (cya) is composed of five genes. The cyaA gene encodes a virulence factor (CyaA), exhibiting adenylate cyclase, hemolytic and invasive activities. The cyaB, D and E gene products are necessary for CyaA transport, and the cyaC gene product is required to activate CyaA. We reconstructed, in Escherichia coli, the cya locus of B. pertussis by cloning the different genes on appropriate vectors under the control of strong promoters and E. coli-specific translation initiation signals. We show that in the absence of additional gene products, CyaA is synthesized at high levels, is endowed with adenylate cyclase activity, but is devoid of invasive and hemolytic activities. CyaC is sufficient to confer upon the adenylate cyclase holotoxin full invasive and partial hemolytic activities. Coexpression of the cyaB, D and E genes neither stimulates nor potentiates the activation brought about by CyaC. This reconstructed system should help to elucidate both the mechanism and the structural requirements of holotoxin activation.