Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 34849798
Link to DOI – 10.1093/femsre/fuab054
FEMS Microbiol Rev 2021 Nov; ():
Bacterial biofilms are communities of adhering bacteria that express distinct properties compared to their free-living counterparts, including increased antibiotic tolerance and original metabolic capabilities. Despite the potential impact of the biofilm lifestyle on the stability and function of the dense community of micro-organisms constituting the mammalian gut microbiota, the overwhelming majority of studies performed on biofilm formation by gut bacteria focused either on minor and often aerobic members of the community or on pathogenic bacteria. In this review, we discuss the reported evidence for biofilm-like structures formed by gut bacteria, the importance of considering the anaerobic nature of gut biofilms and we present the most recent advances on biofilm formation by Bacteroides, one of the most abundant genera of the human gut microbiota. Bacteroides species can be found attached to food particles and colonizing the mucus layer and we propose that Bacteroides symbionts are relevant models to probe the physiology of gut microbiota biofilms.