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© Research
Publication : The Journal of general virology

Genetic recombination in wild-type poliovirus

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in The Journal of general virology - 01 Dec 2002

Dahourou G, Guillot S, Le Gall O, Crainic R

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 12466487

J. Gen. Virol. 2002 Dec;83(Pt 12):3103-10

Poliovirus isolates were screened for recombinants by combined analysis of two distant polymorphic segments of the poliovirus genome (one in the capsid and the other in the polymerase-coding region). Using a restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) assay, a high number of recombinant genomes was found among vaccine-derived strains excreted by poliovirus vaccine vaccinees or vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis cases. Some of these subjects carried a wild-type poliovirus (non-vaccine-specific) nucleotide sequence in the 3′ part of the genome. Using a similar approach, a collection of wild-type poliovirus strains isolated in South India between 1985 and 1993 was screened for recombinants. Genotypes were defined by the parallel application of RFLP assays and genomic sequencing of the capsid protein VP1 and the 3D polymerase polypeptide. Analyses revealed several instances where the position of an isolate on the phylogenic tree for the capsid protein-coding segment did not agree with its position on the tree for the polymerase-coding region. In this way, several wild-type/wild-type and wild-type/vaccine recombinants could be identified, indicating that recombination is encountered commonly in the natural evolution of poliovirus strains.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12466487