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© Research
Publication : Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy

Genetic Determinants of High-Level Oxacillin Resistance in Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy - 25 May 2018

Pardos de la Gandara M, Borges V, Chung M, Milheiriço C, Gomes JP, de Lencastre H, Tomasz A

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 29555636

Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 2018 Jun;62(6)

Methicillin-resistant (MRSA) strains carry either a – or a -mediated mechanism of resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics, and the phenotypic expression of resistance shows extensive strain-to-strain variation. In recent communications, we identified the genetic determinants associated with the stringent stress response that play a major role in the antibiotic resistant phenotype of the historically earliest “archaic” clone of MRSA and in the -carrying MRSA strain LGA251. Here, we sought to test whether or not the same genetic determinants also contribute to the resistant phenotype of highly and homogeneously resistant (H*R) derivatives of a major contemporary MRSA clone, USA300. We found that the resistance phenotype was linked to six genes (, , , , , and ), which were most frequently targeted among the analyzed 20 H*R strains (one mutation per clone in 19 of the 20 H*R strains). Besides the strong parallels with our previous findings (five of the six genes matched), all but one of the repeatedly targeted genes were found to be linked to guanine metabolism, pointing to the key role that this pathway plays in defining the level of antibiotic resistance independent of the clonal type of MRSA.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29555636