Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 12366383
Differentiation 2002 Oct;70(8):457-67
We have previously shown that the proximal sequences of the human aldolase A fast-muscle-specific promoter (pM) are sufficient to target the expression of a linked CAT reporter gene to all fast, glycolytic trunk and limb muscles of transgenic mice (pM310CAT lines) in a manner mimicking the activity of the endogenous mouse promoter. When a NF1-binding site (motif M2) in this proximal regulatory region is mutated, the activity of the corresponding mM2 transgene is strongly affected but only in a some fast muscles. Here we show that the mutation of the M2 motif has only mild effects on pM activity in axial and proximal limb, while it drastically reduces this activity in both fore and hind limb distal muscles. At the cellular level, we show that both the pM310CAT and mM2 transgenes are highly expressed in fast glycolytic 2B fibers. However, by contrast to the pM310CAT transgene, whose expression is mainly restricted to fast glycolytic 2B fibers, the mM2 transgene is also active in a high proportion of 2X fibers. This result suggests that the M2 sequence could play a role in restricting the expression of pM to the 2B fibers. The variable expression of the mM2 transgene along the limb axis already exists at post-natal day 10 and seems to result from a change in the proportion of expressing fast fibers per muscle. Altogether, these results suggest that, although considered as phenotypically similar, different populations of fast glycolytic fibers exist, in which the requirement of the NF1 activity for pM expression varies according to the proximal versus distal position of the muscle along the limb axis.