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© Michel Huerre
Coupe histologique de foie de patient atteint d'une hépatite C chronique active avec infiltrat (opacité) folliculaire (lymphocytes) (Grossissement X 400). L'hépatite C chronique peut être à l'origine de cirrhose et cancer du foie
Publication : Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases

Factors associated with clinical and virological response in patients treated with oseltamivir or zanamivir for influenza A during the 2008-2009 winter

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - 20 Jan 2012

Blanchon T, Mentré F, Charlois-Ou C, Dornic Q, Mosnier A, Bouscambert M, Carrat F, Duval X, Enouf V, Leport C,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 22264308

Clin. Microbiol. Infect. 2013 Feb;19(2):196-203

Oseltamivir or zanamivir are effective in outpatients with seasonal influenza; however, factors associated with response have been incompletely described. During the 2008/2009 epidemic, in a randomized trial for influenza A-infected outpatients, clinical (time to alleviation of flu-related symptoms) and virological (rate of patients with day 2 nasal viral load 14 (HR, 0.47; 0.32-0.70), viral load ≥5 log cgeq/μL (HR, 0.63; 0.43-0.93), and initiation of antibiotics (HR, 0.30; 0.12-0.76); a lower virological response was associated with female gender (OR, 0.45; 0.21-0.96), baseline viral load ≥5 log cgeq/μL (OR, 0.40; 0.20-0.84) and days 0-2 incomplete compliance (OR, 0.31; 0.10-0.98). For zanamivir, virological response was associated with age ≥50 years (OR, 0.29; 0.10-0.85) and initiation of antibiotics at baseline (OR, 4.24; 1.07-17.50). Factors associated with lower response to neuraminidase inhibitors in outpatients appeared to be easily identifiable during routine clinical examination and, when appropriate, by nasal sampling at baseline. The unknown association between gender and response to oseltamivir was not explained by compliance.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22264308