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© Research
Publication : Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)

Extensive junctional diversity of Ig heavy chain rearrangements generated in the progeny of single fetal multipotent hematopoietic cells in the absence of selection

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) - 01 May 1998

Nourrit F, Doyen N, Kourilsky P, Rougeon F, Cumano A

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 9574527

J. Immunol. 1998 May;160(9):4254-61

We analyzed the progeny of individual multipotent hemopoietic cells, derived from the para-aortic splanchopleura, the earliest identified source of lymphocyte precursors in pre-liver mouse embryos. Single precursors were expanded in an in vitro culture system that permits both commitment and differentiation of B cell precursors. We show that from one single multipotent progenitor we could obtain large numbers of B cell precursors that rearrange the Ig heavy chain genes and generate a repertoire as diverse as that observed in adult populations. N region additions are present at V(D)J junctions, showing that terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase expression has been switched on and is not, consequently, an intrinsic property of adult stem cells. Throughout the culture period, cells show a majority of DJ vs V(D)J rearrangements and a ratio of 2:1 of nonproductive to productive V(D)J rearrangements, which is close to the expected frequency in the absence of selection. In addition, counterselection for D-J rearrangements in reading frame 2 is observed in V(D)J joints, and allelic exclusion was consistently observed. We conclude that of the three events associated with heavy chain rearrangement, two of them, namely allelic exclusion and counterselection of cells in which the D segment is in reading frame 2, are intrinsic to the cell, while selection of productive heavy chain rearrangements is induced in the bone marrow environment.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9574527