Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 7674832
Life Sci. 1995;57(15):1417-25
The identification in human plasma of ouabain as an endogenous digitalis-like factor (EDLF) claimed by Hamlyn et al. has recently been contradicted by two studies which failed to demonstrate endogenous ouabain-like immunoreactivity in HPLC fractions in which exogenous ouabain was eluted. In this paper we report the results obtained on the cross-reactivity with antiouabain antibodies of an EDLF purified by us from human newborn cord plasma. We found that this EDLF coeluted with ouabain on HPLC and cross-reacted both with rabbit anti-ouabain antiserum and with the purified antibodies, which excluded possible interferences due to antibodies directed against non-ouabain portions of the immunogen. Similar but not identical slopes of the ouabain and EDLF displacements curves were observed in all competition ELISA experiments. The inhibitory effect of EDLF on erythrocyte 86Rb uptake was reversed by antiouabain antiserum and antibodies. The concentration of EDLF in newborn plasma, in the four different purifications studied ranged from 30 to 380 pM ouabain equivalents (o.e.) by ELISA and from 100 to 300 pM o.e. by 86Rb uptake. Our data thus support the existence, in human newborn plasma, of a factor with both biological and immunological ouabain-like properties, although not necessarily identical to ouabain.