Search anything and hit enter
  • Teams
  • Members
  • Projects
  • Events
  • Calls
  • Jobs
  • publications
  • Software
  • Tools
  • Network
  • Equipment

A little guide for advanced search:

  • Tip 1. You can use quotes "" to search for an exact expression.
    Example: "cell division"
  • Tip 2. You can use + symbol to restrict results containing all words.
    Example: +cell +stem
  • Tip 3. You can use + and - symbols to force inclusion or exclusion of specific words.
    Example: +cell -stem
e.g. searching for members in projects tagged cancer
Search for
Count
IN
OUT
Content 1
  • member
  • team
  • department
  • center
  • program_project
  • nrc
  • whocc
  • project
  • software
  • tool
  • patent
  • Administrative Staff
  • Assistant Professor
  • Associate Professor
  • Clinical Research Assistant
  • Full Professor
  • Graduate Student
  • Lab assistant
  • Non-permanent Researcher
  • Permanent Researcher
  • Pharmacist
  • PhD Student
  • Physician
  • Post-doc
  • Project Manager
  • Research Associate
  • Research Engineer
  • Retired scientist
  • Technician
  • Undergraduate Student
  • Veterinary
  • Visiting Scientist
  • Deputy Director of Center
  • Deputy Director of Department
  • Deputy Director of National Reference Center
  • Deputy Head of Facility
  • Director of Center
  • Director of Department
  • Director of Institute
  • Director of National Reference Center
  • Group Leader
  • Head of Facility
  • Head of Operations
  • Head of Structure
  • Honorary President of the Departement
  • Labex Coordinator
Content 2
  • member
  • team
  • department
  • center
  • program_project
  • nrc
  • whocc
  • project
  • software
  • tool
  • patent
  • Administrative Staff
  • Assistant Professor
  • Associate Professor
  • Clinical Research Assistant
  • Full Professor
  • Graduate Student
  • Lab assistant
  • Non-permanent Researcher
  • Permanent Researcher
  • Pharmacist
  • PhD Student
  • Physician
  • Post-doc
  • Project Manager
  • Research Associate
  • Research Engineer
  • Retired scientist
  • Technician
  • Undergraduate Student
  • Veterinary
  • Visiting Scientist
  • Deputy Director of Center
  • Deputy Director of Department
  • Deputy Director of National Reference Center
  • Deputy Head of Facility
  • Director of Center
  • Director of Department
  • Director of Institute
  • Director of National Reference Center
  • Group Leader
  • Head of Facility
  • Head of Operations
  • Head of Structure
  • Honorary President of the Departement
  • Labex Coordinator
Search
Go back
Scroll to top
Share
© Research
Publication : NMR in biomedicine

Dynamics and fate of USPIO in the central nervous system in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in NMR in biomedicine - 01 Nov 2010

Oude Engberink RD, Blezer EL, Dijkstra CD, van der Pol SM, van der Toorn A, de Vries HE

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 20665906

NMR Biomed 2010 Nov;23(9):1087-96

Signal loss observed in the brain by MRI following the administration of ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide (USPIO) has been correlated with immune cell activity in inflammatory areas during multiple sclerosis. Uptake of USPIO by circulating monocytes and their migration towards inflammatory areas have been considered as the most important mechanism for USPIO uptake by the brain parenchyma. However, the involvement of a damaged blood-brain barrier is also debated as a possible mechanism for cerebral USPIO uptake. Compared with these uptake-associated issues, little is known about the clearance of USPIO from the brain. The acute uptake and chronic clearance of USPIO in the brain were therefore studied with MRI in an animal model of multiple sclerosis. Lewis Hannover rats with acute experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis received a single intravenous injection of USPIO (300 µmol Fe/kg), and repetitive MRI of the brain and cervical lymph nodes, a possible drainage pathway, was performed. USPIO were detected in the brain within 1 h after injection independent of the severity of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, and histological analysis revealed extracellular iron clusters colocalising with a leaky blood-brain barrier. Loss of signal was not present 72 h after USPIO injection, irrespective of the disease state. MR images of cervical lymph nodes showed USPIO accumulation at 24 h after administration, which stabilised at 72 h. Histological analyses revealed that USPIO accumulated in infiltrated macrophages in the medulla and subcapsular sinus. The current study demonstrates that USPIO enter the central nervous system directly after administration, pointing to the involvement of a damaged blood-brain barrier in the appearance of USPIO-associated MR abnormalities. Furthermore, a possible role of the cervical lymph nodes as a drainage pathway of USPIO is suggested. These data shed new light on the use of USPIO in neuroinflammatory diseases, identifying USPIO as a marker for both cellular infiltration and blood-brain barrier damage.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20665906