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© Research
Publication : Molecular and cellular biology

Determinants of rat albumin promoter tissue specificity analyzed by an improved transient expression system

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Molecular and cellular biology - 01 Jul 1987

Heard JM, Herbomel P, Ott MO, Mottura-Rollier A, Weiss M, Yaniv M

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 3475566

Mol. Cell. Biol. 1987 Jul;7(7):2425-34

The 150-base-pairs region located upstream of the transcriptional start site of the rat albumin gene contains all of the critical sequences necessary for this gene’s tissue-specific expression in rat hepatoma cells. In transient expression assays using an improved CAT system or direct mRNA analysis we were able to detect a faithful transcription from the albumin promoter in albumin-negative dedifferentiated H5 hepatoma cells which was 250-fold weaker than in differentiated H4II hepatoma cells producing albumin. This strong tissue specificity could be completely overcome through the cis action of a non-tissue-specific enhancer. Two upstream regions from nucleotides -151 to -119 and from -118 to -94, were required for efficient transcription in H4II cells. Each region contained a sequence motif highly conserved among different species. The effect of the -151/-119 region was strictly tissue specific, while the -118/-94 region was also involved in the low level of transcription observed in H5 cells. Finally, sequences between the CCAAT box and the TATA box also contributed to the overall tissue specificity of rat albumin gene transcription.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3475566