Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 19553197
Nucleic Acids Res. 2009 Aug;37(15):5114-25
Escherichia coli possesses only one essential oligoribonuclease (Orn), an enzyme that can degrade oligoribonucleotides of five residues and shorter in length (nanoRNA). Firmicutes including Bacillus subtilis do not have an Orn homolog. We had previously identified YtqI (NrnA) as functional analog of Orn in B. subtilis. Screening a genomic library from B. subtilis for genes that can complement a conditional orn mutant, we identify here YngD (NrnB) as a second nanoRNase in B. subtilis. Like NrnA, NrnB is a member of the DHH/DHHA1 protein family of phosphoesterases. NrnB degrades nanoRNA 5-mers in vitro similarily to Orn. Low expression levels of NrnB are sufficient for orn complementation. YhaM, a known RNase present in B. subtilis, degrades nanoRNA efficiently in vitro but requires high levels of expression for only partial complementation of the orn(-) strain. A triple mutant (nrnA(-), nrnB(-), yhaM(-)) in B. subtilis is viable and shows almost no impairment in growth. Lastly, RNase J1 seems also to have some 5′-to-3′ exoribonuclease activity on nanoRNA and thus can potentially finish degradation of RNA. We conclude that, unlike in E. coli, degradation of nanoRNA is performed in a redundant fashion in B. subtilis.