Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 12799360
J Biol Chem 2003 Aug; 278(34): 31529-35
Reduced susceptibility to penicillin G in Neisseria meningitidis is directly correlated with alterations in the penA gene, which encodes the penicillin-binding protein 2 (PBP2). Using purified PBP2s from different backgrounds, we confirmed that the reduced susceptibility to penicillin G is associated with a decreased affinity of altered PBP2s for penicillin G. Infrared spectroscopy analysis using isogenic penicillin-susceptible strains and strains with reduced susceptibility to penicillin G suggested that the meningococcal cell wall is also modified in a penA-dependent manner. Moreover, reverse-phase high pressure liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry analysis of these meningococcal strains confirmed the modifications of peptidoglycan components and showed an increase in the peaks corresponding to pentapeptide-containing muropeptides. These results suggest that the D,D-transpeptidase and/or D,D-carboxypeptidase activities of PBP2 are modified by the changes in penA gene.