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© Institut Pasteur
Spirochète : bactérie hélicoïdale, flexible et ondulante de longueur variable, non colorable par la coloration de Gram, très mobile (endoflagelles). Trois familles : Spirochaetaceae, Leptospiraceae, et Brachyspiraceae. Principaux genres pathogènes pour l'homme : Borrelia (Borrelia burgdorferi cause de la maladie de Lyme), Treponema (Treponema pallidum cause de la syphillis), Leptospira (Leptospira interrogans serovar icterohaemorrhagiae cause de la maladie de Weil). Image colorisée.
Publication : Applied and environmental microbiology

Conjugative transfer between Escherichia coli and Leptospira spp. as a new genetic tool

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Applied and environmental microbiology - 09 Nov 2007

Picardeau M

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 17993560

Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 2008 Jan;74(1):319-22

Our understanding of leptospiral pathogenesis, which remains poorly understood, depends on reliable genetic tools for functional analysis of genes in pathogenic strains. In this study, we report the first demonstration of conjugation between Escherichia coli and Leptospira spp. by using RP4 derivative conjugative plasmids. The DNA transfer described here was due to authentic conjugation, as shown by the requirement for cell-to-cell contact and the resistance of DNA transfers to the addition of DNase I. Transposition via conjugation of a plasmid delivering Himar1 yielded frequencies ranging from 1 x 10(-6) to 8.5 x 10(-8) transconjugants/recipient cell in the saprophyte L. biflexa and the pathogen L. interrogans, respectively. Analysis of mutants indicated that transposition occurs randomly, and at single sites in the genome of these strains, allowing the utilization of this system to generate libraries of transposon mutants.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17993560