Search anything and hit enter
  • Teams
  • Members
  • Projects
  • Events
  • Calls
  • Jobs
  • publications
  • Software
  • Tools
  • Network
  • Equipment

A little guide for advanced search:

  • Tip 1. You can use quotes "" to search for an exact expression.
    Example: "cell division"
  • Tip 2. You can use + symbol to restrict results containing all words.
    Example: +cell +stem
  • Tip 3. You can use + and - symbols to force inclusion or exclusion of specific words.
    Example: +cell -stem
e.g. searching for members in projects tagged cancer
Search for
Count
IN
OUT
Content 1
  • member
  • team
  • department
  • center
  • program_project
  • nrc
  • whocc
  • project
  • software
  • tool
  • patent
  • Administrative Staff
  • Assistant Professor
  • Associate Professor
  • Clinical Research Assistant
  • Full Professor
  • Graduate Student
  • Lab assistant
  • Non-permanent Researcher
  • Permanent Researcher
  • Pharmacist
  • PhD Student
  • Physician
  • Post-doc
  • Project Manager
  • Research Associate
  • Research Engineer
  • Retired scientist
  • Technician
  • Undergraduate Student
  • Veterinary
  • Visiting Scientist
  • Deputy Director of Center
  • Deputy Director of Department
  • Deputy Director of National Reference Center
  • Deputy Head of Facility
  • Director of Center
  • Director of Department
  • Director of Institute
  • Director of National Reference Center
  • Group Leader
  • Head of Facility
  • Head of Operations
  • Head of Structure
  • Honorary President of the Departement
  • Labex Coordinator
Content 2
  • member
  • team
  • department
  • center
  • program_project
  • nrc
  • whocc
  • project
  • software
  • tool
  • patent
  • Administrative Staff
  • Assistant Professor
  • Associate Professor
  • Clinical Research Assistant
  • Full Professor
  • Graduate Student
  • Lab assistant
  • Non-permanent Researcher
  • Permanent Researcher
  • Pharmacist
  • PhD Student
  • Physician
  • Post-doc
  • Project Manager
  • Research Associate
  • Research Engineer
  • Retired scientist
  • Technician
  • Undergraduate Student
  • Veterinary
  • Visiting Scientist
  • Deputy Director of Center
  • Deputy Director of Department
  • Deputy Director of National Reference Center
  • Deputy Head of Facility
  • Director of Center
  • Director of Department
  • Director of Institute
  • Director of National Reference Center
  • Group Leader
  • Head of Facility
  • Head of Operations
  • Head of Structure
  • Honorary President of the Departement
  • Labex Coordinator
Search
Go back
Scroll to top
Share
© Fabrice Chrétien with Ultrapole, colorized by Jean-Marc Panaud
Cellule souche (en jaune) de muscle squelettique partiellement recouverte par la membrane basale, migrant sur une fibre musculaire (en bleu).
Publication : Acta neurochirurgica

Clinical, biological, and microbiological pattern associated with ventriculostomy-related infection: a retrospective longitudinal study

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Acta neurochirurgica - 12 Sep 2015

Mounier R, Lobo D, Cook F, Fratani A, Attias A, Martin M, Chedevergne K, Bardon J, Tazi S, Nebbad B, Bloc S, Plaud B, Dhonneur G

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 26363898

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2015 Sep;

BACKGROUND: Our aim was to describe the pattern of ventriculostomy-related infection (VRI) development using a dynamic approach.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal study.

METHODS: We analyzed the files of 449 neurosurgical patients who underwent placement of external ventricular drain (EVD). During the study period, CSF sampling was performed on a daily base setting. VRI was defined as a positive CSF culture resulting in antibiotic treatment. For VRI patients, we arbitrary defined day 0 (D0) as the day antibiotic treatment was started. In these patients, we compared dynamic changes in clinical and biological parameters at four pre-determined time points: (D-4, D-3, D-2, D-1) with those of D0. For all CSF-positive cultures, we compared CSF biochemical markers’ evolution pattern between VRI patients and the others, considered as a control cohort.

RESULTS: Thirty-two suffered from VRI. Peripheral white blood cell count did not differ between D-4-D0. Median body temperature, CSF cell count, median Glasgow Coma Scale, CSF protein, and glucose concentrations were significantly different between D-4, D-3, D-2, and D0. At D0, 100 % of CSF samples yielded organisms in culture. The physician caring for the patient decided to treat VRI based upon positive CSF culture in only 28 % (9/32) of cases. In the control cohort, CSF markers’ profile trends to normalize, while it worsens in the VRI patients.

CONCLUSIONS: We showed that clinical symptoms and biological abnormalities of VRI evolved over time. Our data suggest that VRI decision to treat relies upon a bundle of evidence, including dynamic changes in CSF laboratory exams combined with microbiological analysis.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26363898