Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 26363898
Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2015 Sep;
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to describe the pattern of ventriculostomy-related infection (VRI) development using a dynamic approach.
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal study.
METHODS: We analyzed the files of 449 neurosurgical patients who underwent placement of external ventricular drain (EVD). During the study period, CSF sampling was performed on a daily base setting. VRI was defined as a positive CSF culture resulting in antibiotic treatment. For VRI patients, we arbitrary defined day 0 (D0) as the day antibiotic treatment was started. In these patients, we compared dynamic changes in clinical and biological parameters at four pre-determined time points: (D-4, D-3, D-2, D-1) with those of D0. For all CSF-positive cultures, we compared CSF biochemical markers’ evolution pattern between VRI patients and the others, considered as a control cohort.
RESULTS: Thirty-two suffered from VRI. Peripheral white blood cell count did not differ between D-4-D0. Median body temperature, CSF cell count, median Glasgow Coma Scale, CSF protein, and glucose concentrations were significantly different between D-4, D-3, D-2, and D0. At D0, 100 % of CSF samples yielded organisms in culture. The physician caring for the patient decided to treat VRI based upon positive CSF culture in only 28 % (9/32) of cases. In the control cohort, CSF markers’ profile trends to normalize, while it worsens in the VRI patients.
CONCLUSIONS: We showed that clinical symptoms and biological abnormalities of VRI evolved over time. Our data suggest that VRI decision to treat relies upon a bundle of evidence, including dynamic changes in CSF laboratory exams combined with microbiological analysis.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26363898