Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 16697101
Biochimie 2006 Sep;88(9):1199-207
The effect of increasing concentrations of 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (TFE) on the conformational stability of the Shiga toxin B-subunit (STxB), a bacterial homopentameric protein involved in cell-surface binding and intracellular transport, has been studied by far-, near-UV circular dichroism (CD), intrinsic fluorescence, analytical ultracentrifugation, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) under equilibrium conditions. Our data show that the native structure of STxB is highly perturbed by the presence of TFE. In fact, at concentrations of TFE above 20% (v/v), the native pentameric conformation of the protein is cooperatively transformed into a helix-rich monomeric and partially folded conformational state with no significant tertiary structure. Additionally, no cooperative transition was detected upon a further increase in the TFE concentration (above 40% (v/v)). The thermal stability of STxB was investigated at several different TFE concentrations using DSC and CD spectroscopy. Thermal transitions at TFE concentrations of up to 20% (v/v) were successfully fitted to the two-state folding/unfolding coupled to oligomerization model consistent with the transition between a pentameric folded conformation to a monomeric state of the protein, which the presence of TFE stabilizes as a partially folded conformation.