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© Institut Pasteur
Cristaux de cellulase, enzyme purifiée de Clostridium thermocellum permettant la digestion de la cellulose. Image colorisée.
Publication : Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)

Bioluminescence Profiling of NanoKAZ/NanoLuc Luciferase Using a Chemical Library of Coelenterazine Analogues

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) - 25 Nov 2019

Coutant EP, Gagnot G, Hervin V, Baatallah R, Goyard S, Jacob Y, Rose T, Janin Y

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 31765054

Chemistry 2019 Nov;

We describe here an extensive structure-bioluminescence relationship study of a chemical library of analogues of coelenterazine, using nanoKAZ/NanoLuc, a mutated luciferase originated from the catalytic subunit of the deep-sea shrimp Oplophorus gracilirostris. Out of the 135 O-acetylated precursors, prepared using our recently reported synthesis and following their hydrolysis to give solutions of the corresponding luciferins, notable bioluminescence improvements were achieved in comparison with furimazine, currently amongst the best substrates of nanoKAZ/NanoLuc. For instance, the rather more lipophilic analogue 8-(2,3-difluorobenzyl)-2-((5-methylfuran-2-yl)methyl)-6-phenylimidazo[1,2-a]pyrazin-3(7H)-one provided a 1.5-fold improvement of the total light output over a two hours period, a close to 3-fold increase of the initial signal intensity and a signal-to-background ratio 5 times greater than furimazine. The kinetic parameters for the enzymatic reaction were obtained for a selection of luciferin analogues and provided unexpected insights in the luciferase activity. Most prominently, along with a general substrate-dependent and irreversible inactivation of this enzyme, in the case of the optimized luciferin mentioned above, the consumption of 2664 molecules was found to be required to produce, by bioluminescence, a single Relative Light Unit (RLU; a luminometer-dependent fraction of a photon).

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31765054