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© Research
Publication : Autoimmunity reviews

Autoimmune diseases in HIV-infected patients: 52 cases and literature review

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Autoimmunity reviews - 18 Apr 2014

Iordache L, Launay O, Bouchaud O, Jeantils V, Goujard C, Boue F, Cacoub P, Hanslik T, Mahr A, Lambotte O, Fain O,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 24747058

Autoimmun Rev 2014 Aug;13(8):850-7

OBJECTIVES: 1) To describe autoimmune diseases (AD) in HIV-infected people; and 2) to perform a literature review concerning this issue.

DESIGN: 52 HIV-infected patients that presented an AD in 14 medical departments in Paris and Ile-de-France area were retrospectively included in this study.

RESULTS: The ADs were vasculitis (11), immune cytopenias (8), rheumatic diseases (8), lupus (7), sarcoidosis (7), thyroid diseases (6), hepatic diseases (5), and antiphospholipid syndrome (4). Four patients presented 2 ADs. In 5 patients the AD preceded HIV infection, in 14 HIV infection was diagnosed at the same time as the AD and 34 were HIV-infected when they developed an AD. 40 ADs (80%) occurred in patients with a CD4 T lymphocyte count of more than 200/mm(3). Cases of autoimmune hemolytic anemia occurred only in patients severely immunodepressed. In five patients (a vasculitis case, a sarcoidosis case, three thyroid disease cases) the AD presented as a form of immune restoration inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). Some ADs allowed HIV-infection diagnosis at a stage of moderate immune deficiency (vasculitis, antiphospholipid syndrome, immune thrombocytopenia). 37 patients received immunosuppressant treatments with good tolerance. These results confirm in a large series of patients previous data concerning autoimmune diseases occurrence in HIV-infected people.

CONCLUSION: In the HAART era, when HIV-infected people are treated more and more early, autoimmune diseases can occur, mainly at the phase of immunological recovery. HIV infection should not limit immunosuppressant treatment use.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24747058