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© Institut Pasteur
Phlébotome. Petit diptère de la famille des psychodidés (dans l'Ancien Monde). La femelle hématophage peut être vectrice entre autres de leishmaniose qu'elle transmet par piqûre à un vertébré, chien (hôte principal réservoir), homme ou encore rat (hôtes occasionnels).
Publication : PloS one

Arbovirus-derived piRNAs exhibit a ping-pong signature in mosquito cells

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in PloS one - 24 Jan 2012

Vodovar N, Bronkhorst AW, van Cleef KW, Miesen P, Blanc H, van Rij RP, Saleh MC

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 22292064

PLoS ONE 2012;7(1):e30861

The siRNA pathway is an essential antiviral mechanism in insects. Whether other RNA interference pathways are involved in antiviral defense remains unclear. Here, we report in cells derived from the two main vectors for arboviruses, Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti, the production of viral small RNAs that exhibit the hallmarks of ping-pong derived piwi-associated RNAs (piRNAs) after infection with positive or negative sense RNA viruses. Furthermore, these cells produce endogenous piRNAs that mapped to transposable elements. Our results show that these mosquito cells can initiate de novo piRNA production and recapitulate the ping-pong dependent piRNA pathway upon viral infection. The mechanism of viral-piRNA production is discussed.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22292064