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© Research
Publication : PloS one

Antifungal activity of fused Mannich ketones triggers an oxidative stress response and is Cap1-dependent in Candida albicans

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in PloS one - 30 Apr 2013

Rossignol T, Kocsis B, Bouquet O, Kustos I, Kilár F, Nyul A, Jakus PB, Rajbhandari K, Prókai L, d'Enfert C, Lóránd T

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 23646117

PLoS ONE 2013;8(4):e62142

We investigated the antifungal activity of fused Mannich ketone (FMK) congeners and two of their aminoalcohol derivatives. In particular, FMKs with five-membered saturated rings were shown to have minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC90s) ranging from 0.8 to 6 µg/mL toward C. albicans and the closely related C. parapsilosis and C. krusei while having reduced efficacy toward C. glabrata and almost no efficacy against Aspergillus sp. Transcript profiling of C. albicans cells exposed for 30 or 60 min to 2-(morpholinomethyl)-1-indanone, a representative FMK with a five-membered saturated ring, revealed a transcriptional response typical of oxidative stress and similar to that of a C. albicans Cap1 transcriptional activator. Consistently, C. albicans lacking the CAP1 gene was hypersensitive to this FMK, while C. albicans strains overexpressing CAP1 had decreased sensitivity to 2-(morpholinomethyl)-1-indanone. Quantitative structure-activity relationship studies revealed a correlation of antifungal potency and the energy of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital of FMKs and unsaturated Mannich ketones thereby implicating redox cycling-mediated oxidative stress as a mechanism of action. This conclusion was further supported by the loss of antifungal activity upon conversion of representative FMKs to aminoalcohols that were unable to participate in redox cycles.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23646117