Search anything and hit enter
  • Teams
  • Members
  • Projects
  • Events
  • Calls
  • Jobs
  • publications
  • Software
  • Tools
  • Network
  • Equipment

A little guide for advanced search:

  • Tip 1. You can use quotes "" to search for an exact expression.
    Example: "cell division"
  • Tip 2. You can use + symbol to restrict results containing all words.
    Example: +cell +stem
  • Tip 3. You can use + and - symbols to force inclusion or exclusion of specific words.
    Example: +cell -stem
e.g. searching for members in projects tagged cancer
Search for
Count
IN
OUT
Content 1
  • member
  • team
  • department
  • center
  • program_project
  • nrc
  • whocc
  • project
  • software
  • tool
  • patent
  • Administrative Staff
  • Assistant Professor
  • Associate Professor
  • Clinical Research Assistant
  • Full Professor
  • Graduate Student
  • Lab assistant
  • Non-permanent Researcher
  • Permanent Researcher
  • Pharmacist
  • PhD Student
  • Physician
  • Post-doc
  • Project Manager
  • Research Associate
  • Research Engineer
  • Retired scientist
  • Technician
  • Undergraduate Student
  • Veterinary
  • Visiting Scientist
  • Deputy Director of Center
  • Deputy Director of Department
  • Deputy Director of National Reference Center
  • Deputy Head of Facility
  • Director of Center
  • Director of Department
  • Director of Institute
  • Director of National Reference Center
  • Group Leader
  • Head of Facility
  • Head of Operations
  • Head of Structure
  • Honorary President of the Departement
  • Labex Coordinator
Content 2
  • member
  • team
  • department
  • center
  • program_project
  • nrc
  • whocc
  • project
  • software
  • tool
  • patent
  • Administrative Staff
  • Assistant Professor
  • Associate Professor
  • Clinical Research Assistant
  • Full Professor
  • Graduate Student
  • Lab assistant
  • Non-permanent Researcher
  • Permanent Researcher
  • Pharmacist
  • PhD Student
  • Physician
  • Post-doc
  • Project Manager
  • Research Associate
  • Research Engineer
  • Retired scientist
  • Technician
  • Undergraduate Student
  • Veterinary
  • Visiting Scientist
  • Deputy Director of Center
  • Deputy Director of Department
  • Deputy Director of National Reference Center
  • Deputy Head of Facility
  • Director of Center
  • Director of Department
  • Director of Institute
  • Director of National Reference Center
  • Group Leader
  • Head of Facility
  • Head of Operations
  • Head of Structure
  • Honorary President of the Departement
  • Labex Coordinator
Search
Go back
Scroll to top
Share
© Research
Publication : The Journal of biological chemistry

A potent enhancer made of clustered liver-specific elements in the transcription control sequences of human alpha 1-microglobulin/bikunin gene

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in The Journal of biological chemistry - 15 Oct 1992

Rouet P, Raguenez G, Tronche F, Yaniv M, N'Guyen C, Salier JP

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 1383209

J. Biol. Chem. 1992 Oct;267(29):20765-73

alpha 1-Microglobulin (A1M) and bikunin are plasma proteins which are present both as free molecules and as complexes with either IgA heavy chains for A1M or the H1, H2, and H3 heavy chains of the inter-alpha-inhibitor family for bikunin. Mature A1M and bikunin originate from the cleavage of an A1M/bikunin precursor (ABP) synthesized from a single gene with liver-specific expression. Five kilobases of the 5′-flanking region of the human ABP gene were sequenced. Deletion mutants of this region subcloned upstream of a CAT reporter gene were transfected into HepG2 hepatoma cells. A segment covering the -2.7- to -2.8-kb area is required for full activity of the ABP gene. This segment contains a cluster of six elements (boxes 1-6, 5′ to 3′) which are potential binding sites for the liver-enriched trans-acting factors HNF-1, HNF-4, HNF-3, HNF-1, HNF-3, and HNF-4, respectively. This cluster enhances the activity of heterologous minimal promoters in a position- and distance-independent fashion in HepG2 cells. This enhancer activity is restricted to liver cells as the cluster is unable to activate promoters in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) or HeLa cells. By band-shift experiments we have shown that the liver-enriched transcription factors HNF-1, or HNF-3, do bind to boxes 1 and 4, or 3, respectively. The combination of a weak promoter and a strong distant and liver-specific enhancer distinguishes the ABP gene from most other plasma protein genes expressed in hepatocytes.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1383209