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© Institut Pasteur
Cells infected for 24 hrs with C. Trachomatis. The cell nuclei are labelled in blue, the bacteria appear yellow, within the inclusion lumen. A bacterial protein secreted out the inclusion into the host cytoplasm id labelled in red.
Publication : The Biochemical journal

A dual conformation of the post-decarboxylation intermediate is associated with distinct enzyme states in mycobacterial KGD (α-ketoglutarate decarboxylase)

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in The Biochemical journal - 01 Feb 2014

Wagner T, Barilone N, Alzari PM, Bellinzoni M

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 24171907

Biochem. J. 2014 Feb;457(3):425-34

α-Ketoacid dehydrogenases are large multi-enzyme machineries that orchestrate the oxidative decarboxylation of α-ketoacids with the concomitant production of acyl-CoA and NADH. The first reaction, catalysed by α-ketoacid decarboxylases (E1 enzymes), needs a thiamine diphosphate cofactor and represents the overall rate-limiting step. Although the catalytic cycles of E1 from the pyruvate dehydrogenase (E1p) and branched-chain α-ketoacid dehydrogenase (E1b) complexes have been elucidated, little structural information is available on E1o, the first component of the α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex, despite the central role of this complex at the branching point between the TCA (tricarboxylic acid) cycle and glutamate metabolism. In the present study, we provide structural evidence that MsKGD, the E1o (α-ketoglutarate decarboxylase) from Mycobacterium smegmatis, shows two conformations of the post-decarboxylation intermediate, each one associated with a distinct enzyme state. We also provide an overall picture of the catalytic cycle, reconstructed by either crystallographic snapshots or modelling. The results of the present study show that the conformational change leading the enzyme from the initial (early) to the late state, although not required for decarboxylation, plays an essential role in catalysis and possibly in the regulation of mycobacterial E1o.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24171907