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© Research
Member: Retired scientist - Alumni

François Gros

Alumni
Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

About

Born April 24, 1925, in Paris
Nationality : french
Married : 3 children
Personal Address : 102, rue de la Tour, 75116 Paris

 

Dr. Es Sciences (Ph. D.)
Honorary Permanent Secretary of the French Academy of Sciences
Honorary Director of the Pasteur Institute
Honorary Professor at the Collège de France (Cellular Biochemistry)
Honorary Professor at the Pasteur Institute

 

Research and Teaching Positions held

1945-1946 : « Stagiaire de Recherche » C.N.R.S.
1947-1955 : « Attaché de Recherche » C.N.R.S.
1953-1955 : Fellow of the Rockfeller Foundation / Research at the University of Illinois / Research at the Rockfeller Institute
1955 -1957 : C.N.R.S. – « Chargé de Recherche »
1957 -1962 : C.N.R.S. – « Maître de Recherche »
1962 -1968 : C.N.R.S. – « Directeur de Recherche »
1968-1972 : University of Paris, Faculty of Sciences / Professor of Molecular Biology
1973-1996 : Collège de France : Professor of Cellular Biochemistry

 

Publications

Author or co-author of more than 400 publications, dealing successively with the following topics :
– The control of gene expression in bacterial and phage operons
– The control of myogenesis : studies on somatic cell differentiation
– The nerve cell system : studies on the structure, functions and differentiation of nerve cells using the methods and technologies of molecular biology.

 

Monographs

– Remarques sur les caractéristiques des ARN messagers et sur le code génétique » in « Bulletin de la Société de Chimie Biologique » (with M. Grunberg-Manago) n°12 (1964)
– « Biosynthèse des acides nucléiques- Réplication et transcription » ed. Hermann – Collection Méthodes (with Grunberg-Manago) (1974)
– « Initiation à la Biochimie » ed. « Hermann » (with J-P. Aubert, J-M. Dubert & J. Tavlitsky) (1974)

 

Books published

– Sciences de la Vie et Société » ed. « Documentation Française » (with F. Jacob & P. Royer) (1979)
– « Les secrets du Gène », ed. « Odile Jacob-Seuil » (1986)
– « La civilisation du Gène » ed. Hachette (collection « Questions de Science ») (1989) (many translations : English, Spanish, Greek, Portuguese, Japanese, Italian…)
– « L’ingénierie du Vivant » ed. Odile Jacob (1990)
– « Regard sur la Biologie Contemporaine » eds. Gallimard-UNESCO, 1993
– Many books dealing with « Bioethics and Society »
– Mémoire scientifique : un demi siècle de biologie, ed. Odile Jacob, 2003
– Les Mondes Nouveaux de la Biologie, ed. Odile Jacob, 2012

 

Miscelleneous organizations

Member of :

– EMBO (European Molecular Biology Organization)
– CODEST (D .G. XII of the Commission of the European Communities) (1986-1989)
– Council of the International Foundation for the Survival and Development of Humanity
– I.C.S.U. (Pilot Committee of the International Council of Scientific Unions)
– I.F.C.P.A.R. (Indo-French Centre for the Promotion of Advanced Research)
– Member of the « Wise Men Committee » for the Human Frontier Science Program (HFSP) (Former President : Prof. Okamoto)
– Former Co-chairman (with Prof. Sugimura) of the French Japanese Advanced Program on Cancer Research
– European Neuroscience Association
– European Muscle Association
– AFIRST (Vice-President of the French-Israeli Association for Science and Technology)
– A.F.M. (President of the scientific committee of the « Association Française contre les Myopathies »)
– Counsellor to the European Commissioner, Antonio Ruberti (EEC, Brussels)
– Vice-Chairman of the Central Coordinating Committee (CCC) of the French Japanese scientific exchange program.

 

Other Positions held

1976-1981 : General Director of the Institute Pasteur
1981-1985 : Counsellor to the Prime Minister (Science and Technology)
1991-2001 : Permanent Secretary of the French Academy of Sciences
1993-1995 : Special Advisor to the Commissioner of Sciences and Technology ‘EEC)

 

Awards

1956 : Bethsabée de Rothschild Prize
1959 : Mayer Prize from the Society of Biological Chemistry
1964 : Golden Medal of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences
1966 : FASEB Lecturer
1968 : Prize of the Lacassagne Foundation (League for Cancer Research)
1969 : Charles Leopold Mayer Prize (awarded by the French Academy of Sciences)
1985 : Dr. Honoris Causa of the Weizmann Institute
1988 : Fogarty Lecturer
1989 : Alexander Von Humbold Award
1991 : Golden Medal of the Academic Society « Art-Sciences-Lettres »
1998 : Jawaharlal Nehru Birth Centenary Medal

 

Honors

1967 : Chevalier de l’Ordre National du Mérite
1976 : Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur
1978 : Officier de l’Ordre National du Mérite
1978 : Commandeur de l’Ordre Grand Ducal de la Couronne de Chêne
1980 : Commandeur de l’Ordre Royal de l’Etoile Polaire
1981 : Chevalier du Mérite Agricole
1986 : Officier de la Légion d’Honneur
1989 : Commandeur de l’Ordre National du Mérite
1991 : Commandeur de la Légion d’Honneur
1997 : Commandeur de l’Ordre du Soleil Levant
2012 : Grand Officier de l’Ordre du Mérite
2013 : Grand Officier de la Légion d’Honneur

 

Societies

Member or Foreign associate member of :
– the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1977)
– the American Society of Biological Chemists (1977)
– the Royal Academy of Belgium (1983)
– the Academy of Sciences in Athènes(1984)
– the Academia Europea (1989)
– the Indian National Science Academy (1991)
– the National Academy of Sciences of Venezuela (1997)
– the Russian Academy of Sciences (1999)
– the Italian Academy of the « 40 » (2001)
– the Academy of Medical Sciences in UK (2006)

Publications

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